## Bonds interest rate risk duration

Interest rate risk is the risk that market interest rates will rise, reducing the value of existing bonds. Most of us are well aware of the cardinal rule when it comes to bonds: rising interest rates drive bond prices lower, and falling interest rates drive bond prices higher. Fixed income interest rate risk is the risk of a fixed income asset losing value due to a change in interest rates. Since bonds and interest rates have an inverse relationship, as interest rates rise, the value/price of bonds falls. Interest rate risk can be measured by the full valuation approach or the duration/convexity approach. The modified duration is a yield duration statistic that measures interest rate risk in terms of a change in the bond’s own yield-to-maturity (ΔYield). On the other hand, effective duration is a curve duration statistic that measures interest rate risk in terms of a parallel shift in the benchmark yield curve (ΔCurve). "Duration measures a bond's sensitivity to changes in interest rates," and is invariably a shorter period than maturity, which is the time until a bond's principal is repaid, says Nicole Tanenbaum 10% ten-year coupon bond is 240.3%. We see that interest-rate risk for the ten-year coupon bond is less than for the ten-year zero-coupon bond, so the effective maturity on the coupon bond (which measures interest-rate risk) is, as expected, shorter than the effective maturity on the zero-coupon bond. Calculating Duration

## 16 Jul 2018 Interest rate risk, the impact on bond prices from fluctuations in interest rates, is one of the primary risks associated with bonds. It accompanies

Read how interest rate risk affect and impact these bonds and learn how you could avoid it. Find out the differences and effects of Interest rates between Long-term and short-term bonds. Conversely, if a bond has a duration of five years and interest rates fall by 1%, the bond's price will increase by approximately 5%. Understanding duration is particularly important for those who are planning on selling their bonds prior to maturity. If you purchase a 10-year bond that yields 4% for $1,000, you will still receive $40 dollars each year and will get back your $1,000 principal after 10 years regardless of what happens with interest rates. Duration has the same effect on bond funds. For example, a bond fund with 10-year duration will decrease in value by 10 percent if interest rates rise one percent. On the other hand, the bond fund will increase in value by 10 percent if interest rates fall one percent. The higher the duration number, the more sensitive your bond investment will be to changes in interest rates. Duration risk is the name economists give to the risk associated with the sensitivity of a bond’s price to a one percent change in interest rates. Duration and convexity are two tools used to manage the risk exposure of fixed-income investments. Duration measures the bond's sensitivity to interest rate changes. Convexity relates to the

### In this first part in the series, I focus on the concepts of “interest rate risk” and “duration”. The main objective of this is to make sure that investors who are currently invested in bonds (particularly via fixed rate bonds) understand the key features of such bonds.

8 Mar 2014 The level of interest rate risk incurred varies from one bond to another. It is therefore Coupon rate and duration are inversely correlated. 11 Oct 2016 Duration is the price volatility of a zero-coupon bond with that to quickly understand a portfolio's sensitivity to changes in interest rates. 29 Aug 2019 Duration of a bond measures the movement in the price of the bond for every 1% change in the interest rate. It is the price sensitivity index of a If interest rates were to fall, the value of a bond with a longer duration would rise more than a bond with a shorter duration. Therefore, in our example above, if interest rates were to fall by 1%, the 10-year bond with a duration of just under 9 years would rise in value by approximately 9%.

### "Duration measures a bond's sensitivity to changes in interest rates," and is invariably a shorter period than maturity, which is the time until a bond's principal is repaid, says Nicole Tanenbaum

12 Mar 2018 Bond duration is a valuable tool to measure your bond's interest rate risk. Here is why you may want to avoid fixed-rate bonds as rates rise. 2 Oct 2017 A more specific measure of interest rate sensitivity is called duration. A bond's duration is derived from a complex calculation that includes the 11 Feb 2016 Duration and convexity can help investors measure interest rate risk for municipal bonds. 25 Sep 2015 Duration, expressed as a number of years, measures a bond's interest rate sensitivity: The higher the duration, the higher the interest rate risk. 8 Mar 2014 The level of interest rate risk incurred varies from one bond to another. It is therefore Coupon rate and duration are inversely correlated. 11 Oct 2016 Duration is the price volatility of a zero-coupon bond with that to quickly understand a portfolio's sensitivity to changes in interest rates.

## 29 Aug 2019 Duration of a bond measures the movement in the price of the bond for every 1% change in the interest rate. It is the price sensitivity index of a

8 Mar 2014 The level of interest rate risk incurred varies from one bond to another. It is therefore Coupon rate and duration are inversely correlated. 11 Oct 2016 Duration is the price volatility of a zero-coupon bond with that to quickly understand a portfolio's sensitivity to changes in interest rates. 29 Aug 2019 Duration of a bond measures the movement in the price of the bond for every 1% change in the interest rate. It is the price sensitivity index of a

If interest rates were to fall, the value of a bond with a longer duration would rise more than a bond with a shorter duration. Therefore, in our example above, if interest rates were to fall by 1%, the 10-year bond with a duration of just under 9 years would rise in value by approximately 9%. Another risk that bond investors face is interest rate risk--the risk that rising interest rates will make their fixed interest rate bonds less valuable. To illustrate this, let's suppose you bought a $1,000 par value bond with a 10-year maturity and a 6% coupon rate. You will earn 6% of $1,000, or $60, each year that you own the bond. This bond has a duration of 8.1, meaning that a 1 percent rise in interest rates leads to an 8.1 percent drop in price. The bond duration is measured in years, and the weighted-dollar average for Read how interest rate risk affect and impact these bonds and learn how you could avoid it. Find out the differences and effects of Interest rates between Long-term and short-term bonds.